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• Global warming is caused by the emission of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide released from burning fossil fuels and other human activities.
• The most significant contributors to global warming are emissions from the burning of coal, oil and gas for energy production.
• To limit global warming, countries around the world have implemented policies that reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

What is Global Warming?

Global warming refers to an increase in Earth’s average surface temperature as a result of increased levels of carbon dioxide and other air pollutants released into the atmosphere by human activities such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation. This phenomenon has been documented by multiple scientific studies since at least the early 1980s, with further evidence continuing to accumulate today.

What Causes Global Warming?

The main cause of global warming is the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere, primarily through human activities such as burning fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas) for energy production. Other significant contributions come from industrial processes like manufacturing cement and chemicals, agricultural practices like raising livestock, or land use changes such as deforestation or urban development. All these activities release large amounts of GHGs which trap heat in the atmosphere and lead to climate change.

What Are The Effects Of Global Warming?

The effects of global warming include rising sea levels due to melting glaciers and ice sheets; more frequent and extreme storms; droughts; flooding; increased risk for certain diseases; ocean acidification; species extinction; loss of habitats; displacement of people living in coastal areas; food insecurity due to changes in crop yields; water scarcity due to decreased precipitation in some regions; extreme weather events like heat waves or record-setting cold temperatures; decreased air quality due to increased smog formation caused by higher temperatures and more volatile organic compounds being released into the atmosphere. All these effects can lead to economic losses or even conflict between nations over resources if left unchecked.

How Can We Prevent Global Warming?

To limit global warming, governments around the world have implemented various policies that reduce emissions of GHGs through different measures such as increasing taxes on polluting industries, introducing renewable energy sources like solar panels or wind turbines instead of using traditional fossil fuel sources, subsidizing public transportation systems so that fewer cars are driven each day or banning certain products made with unsustainable materials like plastics derived from petroleum products. Additionally, individuals can also make a difference by using less electricity at home or choosing eco-friendly modes of transportation when possible.


In conclusion, it is clear that global warming is one of the most pressing issues facing humanity today due to its potentially devastating consequences on our planet’s ecosystems and our wayof life if left unchecked. Governments around the world must take action now in order to mitigate its effects through policy implementation while citizens should strive towards making better choices in their everyday lives that can help reduce GHG emissions overall.